|Title:||European Union imposes diverse sanctions to Nigeria for several human rights violations.|
|Source:||Common Position defined by the Council on the basis of Article J.2 of the Treaty on European Union, on Nigeria (95/515/CFSP).|
|Parties:||Unilateral decision from the EU|
|Dispute Resolution Organ:||European Council|
|Keywords:||Nigeria, European Union, European Council, trade, human rights, dispute reports, dispute resolution|
|Abstract:||Summary of Facts:
Specific Issues for Attention
The EU suspended development cooperation to Nigeria in 1995. In 1999, because of the change in government and the democratic elections, the suspension was repealed. The EU offered its full support in 2001 and after that the European Parliament has issued four resolutions to call the attention of the federal government to the human rights violation situations that have happened in Nigeria but has not taken any other action to suspend trade or development cooperation.
Substantive Practice Issues(Dyads)
Trade Human Rights
Trade systems Food Security
Transparency Labor Rights
Subsidies Housing Rights
Subsidies Health and Environment Rights
IPR Health Rights
Trade Rights Gender Rights
Corporate Governance Corporate Social Responsibility
Finance Reform Poverty Alleviation
Trade Systems Human Rights
Procedural Practice Issues
Jurisdiction: Council of the European Union
Standing: Article J.2 of the Treaty on European Union.
The European Union reaffirms measures adopted in 1993, introduces additional measures, and suspends all development cooperation but for certain projects and programmes in support of human rights and democracy as well as those concentrating on poverty alleviation and, in particular, the provision of basic needs for the poorest section of the population, in the context of decentralized cooperation through local civilian authorities and non-governmental organizations.
The measures entered into force on November 20, 1995.
 European Commission, “Development and Cooperation – Europeaid,” online: European Commission <http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/acp/overview/lome-convention/lomeitoiv_en.htm#>
 This article became Article 12 in the Treaty of Amsterdam.